Agriculture requires the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for food, the most basic of human needs. Agriculture controlled the survival and development of the present society, and the food security helped in the growth of the modern industrial states. In today’s interdependent world of global markets and distribution systems, agriculture has now become an essential element of national and international economies. Food is the leading product for trade, and food security has become a matter of global concern. The future protection of the world’s food supply has pointed the international discussion on one all bracing question: Can agricultural systems meet the demands of a rising world population and deal with the escalating deterioration of land and soil resources? To address this question a movement towards more sustainable agricultural practices has begun. Study of agribusiness points to new science and technology based on genetic engineering and other methods. It would be able to revolutionize the food industry. It is now widely accepted that the ultimate necessity for seeking strategies for the sustainability of food production, use of renewable and non-renewable natural resources use, is a primary concern.
In third world countries like Africa, agriculture accounts for 65 % of total employment and 32 % of the GDP. Therefore, agribusiness should be strategically placed to manage Africa’s future economic development. Agribusiness creates important linkages and encourages investment in a way which can have strong multiplier effects on growth. It is the critical tool to fight with food insecurity, not only because it stimulates production rate but, it also has the potential to create wealth for smallholders and rural communities.